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Table 1 Input data for risk assessments provided through animal disease monitoring and surveillance systems

From: Relationships Between Animal Health Monitoring and the Risk Assessment Process

  Input provided through monitoring and surveillance systems
Risk assessment step Animal trade risk assessment Food safety risk assessment
Hazard identification Occurrence of risk indicators Occurrence of risk indicators
  Level and quality of detection of the agent/disease in an animal population Level and quality of detection of the agent in an animal or product
Release assessment Prevalence/incidence of agent or disease in exporting country Prevalence of agent or substance at all points of the production system
  Strain differences if applicable Detection level of the agent at each point of production
  Level and quality of detection of the disease on a population basis  
Exposure assessment Prevalence/incidence of agent or disease in importing country (endemic level of the agent in the host population) Prevalence of agent or substance in products
  Prevalence of agent in the environment (water, air, wildlife) Prevalence of agent or substance in the environment (water, air)
  Strain differences if applicable Human behaviour and consumption patterns
Consequence assessment Associated risk factors for the spread of the disease Incidence of human cases
  Economic parameters that are affected by the exposure to or introduction of the disease Severity of human cases
   Cost of human cases