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Table 2 Signs of calf viability during the first hour after birth in groups A1*, A2* and B.

From: Endocrine Profiles, Haematology and Pregnancy Outcomes of Late Pregnant Holstein Dairy Heifers Sired by Bulls Giving a High or Low Incidence of Stillbirth

Group (n) Willingness to lift the head1 (min) Sternal recumbency1 (min) First attempt to stand1 (min) First standing1 (min)
A1* (4) 2 ± 2 (n = 3) 5 ± 1 (n = 3) 27 ± 6 (n = 4) 63 ± 4 (n = 2), >60 (n = 2)
A2* (4) 2 ± 0 (n = 2) 6 ± 4 (n = 2) 31 ± 22 (n = 3) 49 ± 10 (n = 3)
B (8) 3 ± 1 (n = 7) 5 ± 3 (n = 5) 30 ± 18 (n = 5) 36 ± 11 (n = 3), >60 (n = 2)
  1. Group A1 = an index of stillbirth equal to 85; Group A2 = an index of stillbirth equal to 94; Group B = an index of stillbirth ranged between 100–111; n = the number of observations; 1 = in minutes after birth