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Table 2

From: Xenotransplantation – Ethical Considerations based on Human and Societal Perspectives

  justice dignity welfare
pasient More transplants Consent may change over time Survival, even with acceptable quality of life
family No or few unreasonable constraints (uncertain) Loss of motivation to uphold strict regime over time Improved quality in family, but also additional strain
society Unvoluntary and large risks Some groups principally opposed Uncertain net-effect in health economy
future generations Unvoluntary risks inherited Practically irreversible risks Strain on their health economy possible?
animals Some compensation Limited satisfaction of basic needs, artificial environment Pain and suffering