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Table 1 Housing systems and management factors in 12 Norwegian beef-cow herds (2003)

From: Claw and limb disorders in 12 Norwegian beef-cow herds

Herd Region n Housing system Floor Walking area Resting area Feeding area Exercise yard Days at pasture (cow/heifer) Routine claw trimming
A I 15 Free stall Other Solid Cubicles Solid Yes 66 No
B I 45 Both Concrete Slatted Cubicles Slatted Yes 118 No
C I 31 Free stall Concrete Slatted Slatted Slatted No 165 No
D I 35 Free stall Other Deep litter Deep litter Solid Yes 82/112 Yes
E I 21 Free stall Other Deep litter Deep litter Deep litter Yes 77/213 No
F I 19 Free stall Concrete Slatted Slatted* Slatted No 132/127 No
G II 16 Tie stall Concrete     No 153 No
H II 33 Free stall Other Deep litter Deep litter Solid Yes 364 No
I II 18 Free stall Concrete Slatted Cubicles Slatted No 364/144 No
J III 33 Tie stall Concrete     No 117/132 No
K III 17 Free stall Concrete Slatted Cubicles Slatted No 200/91 No
L III 79 Free stall Concrete Solid Cubicles Solid No 109 No
  1. * Mats of rubber used around calving