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Table 4 Definition of lameness and claw lesions recorded at trimming

From: Claw and limb disorders in 12 Norwegian beef-cow herds

Lesion Score* Definition
Lameness 1 Asymmetric gait, bearing weight on all limbs
  2 Avoiding weight-bearing on one or more limbs
Dermatitis 1 Superficial, hyperaemic, slightly Exudative lesion of the digital/interdigital skin
  2 Exudative, slightly ulcerative lesion with thickening of the skin
  3 Ulcerative, spontaneously bleeding lesion with thickening of the skin and great pain
Heel-horn erosion 1 Slight defects of the horn integrity, pits and small fissures
  2 V-shaped fissures or craters of the heel/bulb not affecting corium
  3 V-shaped profound fissures or craters affecting corium of the heel/bulb
Haemorrhages of the white line 1 Slight haemorrhagic discoloration
  2 Moderate haemorrhage on a single spot or several superficial haemorrhages covering > 20% of the white line
  3 Profound haemorrhage on a single spot or extensive haemorrhagic discoloration covering > 50% of the white line
Haemorrhages of the sole 1 Slight haemorrhagic discoloration
  2 Moderate haemorrhage on a single spot or several superficial haemorrhages covering > 20% of the sole surface
  3 Profound haemorrhage on a single spot or extensive haemorrhagic discoloration covering > 50% of the sole
Sole ulcer 1 Exposed, unaffected corium
  2 Granulation tissue, necrosis, purulent exudates and separation of the sole horn
  3 As score 2 with additional affection of the deeper structures of the claw
White-line fissure 1 Fissure, which disappear with deep cut beneath normal trimming level
  2 Deep fissure perforating next to the corium of sole or wall
  3 Corium is affected with purulent exudates, eventually with necrosis, granulation tissue and separation of the wall and/or sole
  1. * Lameness: score 1 = moderate, score 2 = severe. Claw lesions: score 1 = mild, score 2 = moderate, score 3 = severe. Absence of lameness or claw lesions: no notation