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Table 5 Association (regression coefficients) between gait, posture (the maximal scores over time for each sow were used) and lesions in the elbow joint. .

From: The impact of elbow and knee joint lesions on abnormal gait and posture of sows

  Humerus   Radius Ulna
  Mediale condyle Lateral condyle Fovea capitis Incisura troichlearis
  Ulceration Repair Ulceration Osteophytes Erosion Erosion
Forelegs turned out       0.22*
Hind legs turned out     1.74**   
Weak pasterns forelegs -0.62*    3.16***   
Stiff in front    0.85*    
Stiff in rear    0.87*   -0.33*  
  1. No. of sows = 60. Levels of significance: * P ≤ 0.05; ** P ≤ 0.01; *** P ≤ 0.001