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Table 1 Giving welfare principles and criteria (from Keeling and Veissier, 2005).

From: International cooperation in animal welfare: the Welfare Quality® project

Principles Welfare criteria
Good feeding 1. Absence of prolonged hunger
  2. Absence of prolonged thirst
Good housing 3. Comfort around resting
  4. Thermal comfort
  5. Ease of Movement
Good health 6. Absence of injuries
  7. Absence of disease
  8. Absence of pain induced by management procedures
Appropriate behaviour 9. Expression of social behaviours
  10. Expression of other behaviours
  11. Good human-animal relationship
  12. Absence of general fear