Skip to main content

Table 1 Effects of confinement

From: Loose housing of sows – is this good welfare?

General behaviours (All confined sows) Specific behaviours (periparturient and lactation period)
No direct social contact with other pigs No possibility for isolation during nesting phase
Little possibility for exploration No possibility for choice of nest site
Altered getting up and lying down behaviour No possibility for nest building
Altered lateral recumbency resting Altered sow-piglet interaction
Reduced possibility for thermoregulation Altered nursing
No possibility for eliminating away from resting area  
Highly reduced locomotion