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Table 2 Overall means1 (95% confidence interval) of blood and serum components in the different disease groups before treatment according to clinical diagnosis 2, as estimated from linear regression model

From: Low cortisol levels in blood from dairy cows with ketosis: a field study

  Clinical diagnoses
  IK I MA ME PP R O
Glucose, mmol/l 2.9a
(2.1-4.0)
3.4a
(2.0-5.8)
3.3a
(2.7-3.9)
3.2a
(2.7-3.8)
5.2b
(4.5-6.0)
6.1b
(4.2-8.8)
3.1a
(2.5-3.9)
Insulin, mU/l 3.7a
(1.8-7.4)
6.7ab
(1.6-27.9)
12.9b
(6.9-24.2)
4.9a
(1.4-17.8)
4.6a
(3.3-6.3)
8.6ab
(3.8-19.8)
8.8ab
(3.6-21.6)
Cortisol, nmol/l 9.6a
(5.7-16.1)
8.8a
(4.7-16.6)
23.3b
(7.4-72.9)
12.2ab
(4.4-34.3)
78.0c
(58.8-103.4)
96.7c
(66.1-141.4)
15.8ab
(6.9-36.3)
NEFA3, mmol/l 0.8a
(0.1-1.6)
0.5ab
(0.1-1.0)
0.4b
(0.2-0.7)
0.5ab
(0.3-0.8)
0.8a
(0.6-1.0)
0.7ab
(0.4-1.0)
0.4bc
(0.2-0.6)
  1. 1Geometric means for glucose, insulin and cortisol, i.e. back-transformed from a logarithmic scale
  2. 2See Table 1 for definition of groups of clinical diagnoses
  3. 3NEFA = Non-esterified fatty acids
  4. Numbers within row with a common letter in the superscript does not differ significantly (p > 0.05).