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Table 1 Physiological variables during anesthesia of moose

From: Physiological evaluation of free-ranging moose (Alces alces) immobilized with etorphine-xylazine-acepromazine in Northern Sweden

Time from darting   T1: 15–23 minutes T2: 29–43 minutes  
Variable Units N Mean±SD (Range) Mean±SD (Range) Z
Pulse Rate beats/min 10 46±8 (32–60) 45±8 (36–60) NSD
Repiratory Rate breaths/min 10 39±7 (28–52) 34±9 (22–48) NSD
Rectal Temp# C 10 37.7±0.5 (37.2-38.7) 37.4±0.6 (36.6-38.7) NSD
PaO2* kPa 10 8.46±1.90 (5.2-10.8) 8.12±1.94 (4.8-11) NSD
  mmHg 10 63.5±14.2 (39.0-81.0) 60.9±14.6 (36.0-82.5) NSD
PaCO2* kPa 10 6.98±1.12 (5.29-8.63) 7.21±1.14 (5.76-9.31) NSD
  mmHg 10 52.4±8.4 (39.7-64.7) 54.1±5.9 (43.2-69.8) NSD
SaO2 % 10 79±13 (70–89) 79±20 (49–95) NSD
pH*,†   10 7.15±0.12 (6.95-7.35) 7.21±0.10 (7.03-7.35) 0.0002
PAO2 kPa 10 11.3±1.0 (9.8-13.2) 11.3±1.0(9.8-13.2)  
  mmHg   84.9 ± 7.4 (73.7-99.1) 85.1 ± 7.4 (73.7-99.1) NSD
P(A-a)O2 kPa 10 3.0±1.4 (0.7-5.6) 3.3±1.2 (1.1-4.9)  
  mmHg   22.2 ± 10.2 (5.3-42.1) 24.8 ±8.8 (8.1-36.8) NSD
Lactate mmol/l 10 12.6±5.1 (5.0-19.8) 9.8±4.7 (2.8-16.4) 0.0002
Anion Gap mEq/l 9 20.9±3.9 (16–26) 18.6±4.2 (12–25) 0.0059
Na mmol/l 9 137.6±1.0 (136–139) 136.8±1.6 (135–140) NSD
K mmol/l 9 3.5±0.3 (2.9-3.8) 3.7±0.3 (3.2-4.1) 0.0391
Cl mmol/l 9 101.9±2.0 (99–105) 101.8±3.1 (98–108) NSD
Glucose mmol/l 9 6.6±0.6 (5.7-7.6) 7.0±1.0 (5.6-8.5) NSD
Hct % PCV 9 41.6±4.2 (33–46) 38.6±3.2 (33.0-42.0) 0.0063
Hb g/L 9 141±14 (112–143) 131±11 (112–143) 0.0059
BE mmol/l 10 −10.8±5.8 (−18-(−1)) −6.4±5.2 (−13-(+3)) 0.0002
HCO3 mmol/l 10 18.0±4.0 (13.4-24.5) 21.5±4.0 (17.0-28.9) 0.0002
  1. *Blood gas and pH values were corrected to rectal temperature.
  2. Mean and standard deviation of physiological variables at 15–23 and 29–43 minutes for moose darted once. SaO2=hemoglobin oxygen saturation. PaO2 and PaCO2 = partial pressures of arterial oxygen and carbon dioxide.