Skip to main content

Table 1 Summary of scientific evidence for Coxiella burnetii associated reproductive disorders in domestic mammals

From: Coxiella burnetii associated reproductive disorders in domestic animals-a critical review

  APSW complex1 Endometritis/metritis Subfertilty2/sterility Mastitis Retained placenta
  Sporadic Epidemic3    Subclinical Clinical  
Cattle + (+)4
Sheep + +
Goat + + +5
Buffalo 6
Horse
Pig
Dog
Cat 7
  1. 1 Abortion, Premature delivery, Stillbirth and Weak offspring Complex.
  2. 2 Other than due to single event abortion.
  3. 3 Herd level.
  4. 4 Based on one study in one herd [62].
  5. 5 Based on one study in one herd [91] and just as a complication to the APSW complex.
  6. 6 Placental/fetal infection has been reported [98].
  7. 7 Q fever in man has been associated with cats having stillborn kittens although the kittens were not examined.