Skip to main content

Table 1 Guide to assessing the degree of acidosis based on posture, behaviour and palpebral reflex of the calf (adapted from[85])

From: Advances in prevention and therapy of neonatal dairy calf diarrhoea: a systematical review with emphasis on colostrum management and fluid therapy

  Category BE (mmol/l)
Posture Calf standing up by itself -2.2
  Calf standing up after encouragement 0.0
  Standing steadily after lifting 2.8
  Standing unsteadily, able to correct position if forced -11.7
  Standing unsteadily, unable to correct position if forced -20.6
  Unable to stand, sternal recumbency -20.9
  Unable to stand, lateral recumbency -25.4
Behaviour Adequate reaction to acoustic and optical stimuli, very bright and alert 2.5
  Adequate reaction to acoustic and optical stimuli 1.8
  Delayed reaction to acoustic and optical stimuli -14.6
  Calf reacts only to painful stimuli -21.0
  No reaction to painful stimuli -25.4
Palpebral reflex Eyelids are closed immediately and fully 0.7
  Eyelids are closed immediately but not fully -7.6
  Eyelids are closed with delay and not fully -19.9
  Eyelids are not closed at all -24.3