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Table 3 Biosecurity practices for backyard chicken flocks in Finland

From: Questionnaire study and postmortem findings in backyard chicken flocks in Finland

Characteristics No. of flocks %
Change shoes before/after flock contact (n = 178)A   
Yes 23 12.9
No 155 87.1
Possibility to wash hands in animal premises (n = 177)   
Yes 62 35.0
No 115 65.0
Wild birds have a contact with flock (n = 178)   
Yes 64 36.0
No 114 64.0
Visitors in the animal premises (n = 178)   
Often 25 14.0
Seldom 125 70.2
Never 28 15.7
Birds inside during 1.3. - 31.5. (n = 176)   
Yes 135 76.7
No 41 23.3
Connection to a commercial poultry farm (n = 178)   
Yes 10 5.6
No 168 94.4
Distance to the nearest intense poultry farm (n = 178)   
<1 km 1 0.6
1-3 km 10 5.6
4-5 km 6 3.4
6-10 km 16 9.0
>10 km 73 41.0
Don’t know 72 40.4
Other farm animals in the farm (n = 178)   
Yes 98 55.1
No 80 44.9
Pets in the farm (n = 178)   
Yes 161 90.4
No 17 9.6
  1. AThe total number of participants that answered this question.