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Table 1 Clinical signs from the right eye of 10 semi-domesticated Eurasian tundra reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) after inoculation with cervid herpesvirus 2 (CvHV2; n = 5) or a combination of CvHV2 and Moraxella bovoculi (n = 5) (data from animals inoculated with M. bovoculi alone or from control animals are not shown)

From: Cervid herpesvirus 2 and not Moraxella bovoculi caused keratoconjunctivitis in experimentally inoculated semi-domesticated Eurasian tundra reindeer

Inoculum ID Day 0 Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Day 5 Day 6 Day 7
CvHV2 R4 None   Pus (2)a
P-oedema (1)b
Conjunctivitis
Pus (2)
P-oedema (3)
Lacrimation
P-oedema (3)
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
Corneal oedema
T: 40.3
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
Conjunctivitis
Corneal oedema
T: 39.8
R5 None   Pus (1)
P-oedema (1)
Pus (3)
P-oedema (2)
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
Corneal oedema
Corneal ulcer: 12 mm
T: 40.5
  
R10 None   Pus (3)
P-oedema (1)
Conjunctivitis
Pus (3)
P-oedema (2)
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
Conjunctivitis
Corneal oedema
T: 40.0
  
R19 None   Lacrimation
Pus (1)
P-oedema (1) c
     
R21 None   P-oedema (1) Lacrimation
Pus (2)
P-oedema (2)
Lacrimation
Pus (2)
P-oedema (2)
Pus (2)
P-oedema (2)
Corneal oedema
Corneal ulcer: 4 mm
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
Corneal oedema
Corneal ulcer: 10 mm
T: 40.1
 
CvHV2 and M. bovoculi R1 None Pus (1) Lacrimation
Pus (1)
P-oedema (1)
Red sclera
Lacrimation
Pus (2)
P-oedema (2)
Pus (2)
Lacrimation
P-oedema (2)
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
Corneal oedema
T: 40.4
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
P-oedema (3)
Conjunctivitis
Corneal oedema
Corneal ulcer: 3 mm
T: 39.1
R3 None   Lacrimation
P-oedema (1)
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
P-oedema (3)
Adherent pus
Blue cornea
T: 40.0
Pus (3)
Conjunctivitis
Corneal oedema
T: 39.8
 
R7 None   Pus (1) Pus (2)
Lacrimation
P-oedema (2)
Pus (2)
Lacrimation
P-oedema (2)
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
Conjunctivitis
Corneal oedema
T: 40.3
  
R13 None   Pus (1)
Lacrimation
Red sclera
P-oedema (2)
Pus (3)
Lacrimation
P-oedema (2)
Pus (3)
P-oedema (3)
Conjunctivitis
Corneal oedema
T: 40.4
   
R17 None Dry cornea Pus (1)
Lacrimation
P-oedema (2)
Pus (3)
P-oedema (2)
T: 40.9
    
  1. Clinical signs are indicated, relative to the day of inoculation (day 0). Observations during day 1, day 3, day 4 and day 6 were conducted without handling the animals, whereas all animals were captured (physical restraint) and sampled at day 2 and day 5
  2. The time of euthanasia for each animal is indicated with italic text
  3. aPus: (1) small amounts (clots), (2) large amounts, and (3) huge amounts of pus, adherent to eyelids/skin and covering the eye
  4. bP-oedema: periorbital oedema: (1) slight swelling of conjunctiva, (2) severe oedema, and (3) extensive oedema, periorbital tissues covering the eyeball
  5. cEuthanized due to trauma