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Table 5 Respondents’ ratings of statements linked to management of a calf showing signs of diarrhoea on a scale from 1 to 6, where 1 is “never” and 6 is “always”, from a questionnaire study of biosecurity and disease management in organic and conventional dairy production

From: Biosecurity and animal disease management in organic and conventional Swedish dairy herds: a questionnaire study

Variables Organic Conventional P valuea
Median (min–max) Mean Median (min–max) Mean
Isolate the calf 3 (1–6) 3.6 3 (1–6) 3.3 0.15
Check the calf’s temperature 4 (1–6) 4.3 4 (1–6) 4.2 0.73
Check the calf’s general condition 6 (2–6) 5.6 6 (4–6) 5.7 0.20
Give the calf extra comfort—blanket, more litter, or a heat lamp 4 (1–6) 4.0 4 (1–6) 4.0 0.92
Give the calf water/fluid replacement 6 (1–6) 5.5 6 (1–6) 5.5 0.98
Contact the veterinarian immediately 2 (1–5) 2.3 2 (1–5) 2.1 0.39
Wait and contact the veterinarian at the earliest after 1–2 days 3 (1–6) 3.8 3 (1–6) 3.3 0.02
Contact the veterinarian only if the calf has fever/the general condition is affected 5 (1–6) 4.7 5 (1–6) 4.6 0.68
  1. a Kruskal–Wallis