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Table 4 Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for particular grades of MCTs in various breeds of dogs

From: Epidemiological assessment of the risk of canine mast cell tumours based on the Kiupel two-grade malignancy classification

Breed All MCTs Kiupel grade
Low High
OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
American Staffordshire Terrier 2.71 (1.71–4.3) < 0.001 2.62 (1.57–4.36) < 0.001 3.01 (1.40–6.49) 0.005
Bernese Mountain Dog 1.30 (0.66–2.57) 0.435 1.09 (0.48–2.46) 0.827 1.99 (0.69–5.66) 0.197
Boxer 4.92 (3.65–6.63) < 0.001 6.72 (4.94–9.14) < 0.001 0.53 (0.16–1.72) 0.297
Bull Terrier 0.92 (0.26–3.19) 0.899 1.21 (0.35–4.23) 0.755
Caucasian Shepherd 1.32 (0.27–6.37) 0.73 1.74 (0.36–8.42) 0.489
Cocker Spaniel 0.19 (0.07–0.53) 0.002 0.26 (0.09–0.71) 0.009
Dachshund 0.68 (0.38–1.21) < 0.001 0.16 (0.07–0.36) < 0.001 0.25 (0.08–0.80) 0.019
Doberman 0.45 (0.16–1.28) 0.137 0.45 (0.13–1.46) 0.187 0.47 (0.06–3.46) 0.461
French Bulldog 2.06 (1.11–3.82) 0.021 1.99 (1.00–3.98) 0.049 2.28 (0.79–6.55) 0.123
German Shepherd 0.18 (0.09–0.35) < 0.001 0.16 (0.07–0.36) < 0.001 0.25 (0.08–0.80) 0.019
Golden Retriever 1.38 (0.82–2.33) 0.221 1.54 (0.88–2.70) 0.127 0.89 (0.27–2.88) 0.848
Irish Setter 1.00 (0.38–2.65) 0.994 1.32 (0.50–3.51) 0.568
Jack Russell Terrier 1.32 (0.27–6.37) 0.73 0.86 (0.10–7.08) 0.896 2.74 (0.33–22.46) 0.347
Labrador 2.50 (1.75–3.58) < 0.001 2.72 (1.84–4.00) < 0.001 1.85 (0.91–3.76) 0.088
Maltese 2.06 (0.63–6.71) 0.231 2.72 (0.83–8.89) 0.097
Miniature Poodle 2.31 (0.42–12.66) 0.334 1.52 (0.17–13.66) 0.707 4.80 (0.53–43.30) 0.162
Miniature Schnauzer 0.61 (0.27–1.36) 0.232 0.69 (0.29–1.63) 0.408 0.36 (0.05–2.63) 0.316
Polish Tatra Sheepdog 1.98 (0.51–7.70) 0.322 1.74 (0.36–8.42) 0.489 2.74 (0.33–22.46) 0.347
Pug 4.63 (0.93–23.04) 0.061 6.13 (1.23–30.48) 0.027
Saint Bernard 0.65 (0.14–2.90) 0.581 0.86 (0.19–3.83) 0.853
Shar-Pei 6.82 (2.89–16.04) < 0.001 0.67 (0.08–5.34) 0.71 28.18 (11.62–68.34) < 0.001
Siberian Husky 0.41 (0.12–1.36) 0.147 0.55 (0.16–1.80) 0.323
Standard Poodle 0.41 (0.09–1.78) 0.238 0.55 (0.12–2.35) 0.421
Standard Schnauzer 0.79 (0.30–2.06) 0.635 0.62 (0.19–2.06) 0.443 1.32 (0.31–5.60) 0.705
Weimaraner 2.31 (0.57–9.29) 0.236 1.01 (0.12–8.45) 0.989 6.45 (1.28–32.31) 0.023
Yorkshire Terrier 0.11 (0.02–0.45) 0.002 0.14 (0.03–0.59) 0.007