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Table 1 Enteropathogens detected in untreated sewage in Norway, compared to diagnosed cases of disease in corresponding municipalities

From: Multiplex polymerase chain reaction detection of enteropathogens in sewage in Norway

Agent Number of positive plants (n = 11) Number of patients reported in January–June 2018
Campylobacter spp. 8 86
Clostridium difficile toxin A/B 1 55
Plesiomonas shigelloides 4 No data
Salmonella spp. 3 33
Vibrio spp. 2 No data
Vibrio cholerae 1 0
Yersinia enterocolitica 11 1
Enteroaggregative E. coli 11 10
Enteropathogenic E. coli 7
Enterotoxigenic E. coli 7
Shigatoxin positive E. coli 9 10
E. coli O 157 1
Shigella/Enteroinvasive E. coli 4 3
Adenovirus F40/41 11 204a
Astrovirus 2 18a
Norovirus GI/GII 6 290a
Rotavirus A 7 37a
Sapovirus (I, II, IV and V) 6 66a
Cryptosporidium spp. 1 9
Cyclospora cayetanensis 0 0
Entamoeba histolytica 1 0
Giardia lamblia 10 7
  1. aVirus data contains positive samples from the medical laboratories serving the eastern part of Norway and not restricted to the municipal producing the wastewater