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Table 1 Demographic data from a population of dogs radiographically evaluated for elbow dysplasia (ED), one control group (ED0) and one osteoarthritic group (ED2)

From: Adaptation of the Canine Orthopaedic Index to evaluate chronic elbow osteoarthritis in Swedish dogs

  ED0 (n = 146) ED2 (n = 117)
Breed
 American Staffordshire 12 (8.2%) 3 (2.6%)
 Bernese Mountain dog 36 (24.6%) 24 (20.5%)
 German Shepherd 31 (21.2%) 33 (28.2%)
 Labrador Retriever 45 (30%) 33 (28.2%)
 Rottweiler 22 (15%) 24 (20.5%)
Gender
 Female 77 (52.7%) 38 (32.5%)
 Female spayed 22 (15%) 13 (11.1%)
 Male 37 (25.3%) 47 (40.2)
 Male castrated 10 (6.8%) 19 (16.2%)
Hip dysplasia scoring
 A 82 (56.25) 50 (42.7%)
 B 35 (24%) 38 (32.5%)
 C 14 (9.6%) 8 (6.8%)
 D 9 (6.2%) 20 (17%)
 Not available 6 (6.2%) 1 (0.8%)
Age (years)
 Median 5 5
 Mean (SD) 5.2 (1.13) 5.35 (1.12)
NSAID treatment
 Continuous 0 6 (5.1%)
 Sometimes 0 27 (23.1%)
 No treatment 146 (100%) 84 (71.8%)
  1. Percentage within each ED group is presented
  2. Hip dysplasia screening based on the FCI (Federation Cynologique Internationale) guidelines: A–normal; B—transitional; C—light; D—medium; E—severe