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Table 5 Items 1–16 with maximum raw score and standardized score presented from a Canine Orthopaedic Index

From: Adaptation of the Canine Orthopaedic Index to evaluate chronic elbow osteoarthritis in Swedish dogs

Group/item Minimum and maximum value (raw score) Range of the standardized score for each group
Stiffness 5–25 0.2–1
1. 1–5  
2. 1–5  
3. 1–5  
4. 1–5  
5. 1–5  
Function 4–20 0.2–1
6. 1–5  
7. 1–5  
8. 1–5  
9. 1–5  
Lameness/gait 4–20 0.2–1
10. 1–5  
11. 1–5  
12. 1–5  
13. 1–5  
QOL (quality of life) 3–15 0.2–1
14. 1–5  
15. 1–5  
16. 1–5