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Table 1 Reference values of phosphorus and calcium levels in immature and adult dogs compared with those of the 5-month old patient (Idexx Laboratory)

From: Multiple cartilaginous exostoses in a Swiss Mountain dog causing thoracolumbar compressive myelopathy

  Immature dog Patient Adult dog
Phosphorus concentrations (mmol/L) 1.29–3.1 3.1 0.97–1.94
Total calcium concentrations (mmol/L) 2.35–2.98 3.0 2.25–2.88