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Table 1 Routines and equipment in veterinary clinics regarding professional dental cleaning and dental radiography in dogs

From: Professional dental cleaning in dogs: clinical routines among Swedish veterinarians and veterinary nurses

   Veterinarians Veterinary nurses
Is dental cleaning performed with ultrasonic scaler on dogs under general anesthesia at your workplace? (nV = 865; nVN = 542) Yes 628 (73%) 519 (96%)
No 183 (21%) 15 (3%)
Don’t know/choose not to answer 54 (6%) 8 (1%)
What type of general anesthesia is used when performing dental cleaning with ultrasonic scaler? (Question visible only if dental cleaning was performed under general anesthesia) (several answers could be given) (nV = 628; nVN = 519) Inhalation anesthesia 425 (68%) 417 (80%)
Total intravenous anesthesia 196 (31%) 123 (24%)
Dissociative anesthesia 86 (14%) 51 (10%)
Don’t know/other 16 (3%) 14 (3%)
Is dental cleaning performed with ultrasonic scaler on dogs under sedation (e.g. dexmedetomidine/butorphanol) at your workplace? (nV = 867; nVN = 542) Yes 230 (27%) 96 (18%)
No 576 (66%) 425 (78%)
Don’t know/choose not to answer 61 (7%) 21 (4%)
At your workplace: Are teeth sometimes extracted when performing a dental cleaning? (Only reported for respondents who answered that professional dental cleaning was performed at the workplace) (nV = 695 ; nVN = 526) Yes 680 (98%) 519 (99%)
No 12 (2%) 2 (0%)
Don’t know 3 (0) 5 (0%)
Do you have access to a dental x-ray unit? (Only reported for respondents who answered that professional dental cleaning was performed at the workplace) (nV = 695; nVN = 526) Yes 497 (72%) 471 (90%)
No 193 (28%) 51 (10%)
Don’t know 5 (1%) 4 (1%)