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Table 1 Description of the control and four treatment groups combining injection methods and local anaesthetics

From: Effect of two methods and two anaesthetics for local anaesthesia of piglets during castration

Group Control Pro3 Pro2 Lid3 Lid2
Local anaesthesia method SHAM Three-step Two-step Three-step Two-step
Local anaesthesia drug Procaine Procaine Lidocaine Lidocaine
Volume per testicle (mL) Max 0.5 Max 0.3 Max 0.5 Max 0.3
Time from injection to castration (min) Min. 3 5 5 3 3
  1. SHAM piglets were placed in the castration bench, the testicles were held in position, but no local anaesthetic was applied (sham-anaesthetised)