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Table 4 Vocalisation during phase 1 and phase 2

From: Effect of two methods and two anaesthetics for local anaesthesia of piglets during castration

Group Groups SE P values
Control Pro3 Pro2 Lid3 Lid2 Treatment/control Two-step/three-step Lidocaine/procaine
Phase 1 (local anaesthesia/handling)
 dB(A)avg 67 74 75 71 70 2.1 0.02 0.98 0.07
 dB(A)max 86 94 96 92 91 2.1 < 0.01 0.99 0.07
Phase 2 (Castration)
 dB(A)avg 77 67 70 67 68 1.5 < 0.01 0.08 0.44
 dB(A)max 101 92 94 92 94 1.5 < 0.01 0.19 0.77
  1. SE standard error, dB(A)avg mean decibel(A), dB(A)max decibel(A), Pro3 treatment with three-step injection with procaine, Pro2 treatment with two-step injection with procaine, Lid3 treatment with three-step injection with lidocaine, Lid2 treatment with two-step injection with lidocaine