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Table 5 Number of piglets without resistance movements, resistance movement score and time consumption during phase 1 and phase 2

From: Effect of two methods and two anaesthetics for local anaesthesia of piglets during castration

  Groups SE P values
  Control Pro3 Pro2 Lid3 Lid2 Treatment/control Two-step/three-step Lidocaine/ procaine
Phase 1 (local anaesthesia/handling)
 Testicle 1, % piglets without resistance movements (level 1) 98 67 59 65 76 1.0 < 0.01 0.82 0.31
 Testicle 2, % piglets without resistance movements (level 1) 90 57 56 69 70 1.0 < 0.01 0.99 0.13
 Resistance movement score 1.2 1.7 1.9 1.6 1.5 0.1 < 0.01 0.88 0.02
 Time consumption, sec 3.2 6.1 5.7 5.5 5.1 0.3 < 0.01 0.07 0.03
Phase 2 (castration)
 Incision in skin, % piglets without resistance movements 20 67 65 79 63 8 < 0.01 0.27 0.59
 Removal of testicles, % piglets without resistance movements 6 29 31 36 52 9 < 0.01 0.30 0.16
 Resistance movement score 2.3 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.7 0.1 < 0.01 0.99 0.15
 Time consumption, sec 15 14 14 13 14 1.4 0.04 0.34 0.36
  1. SE standard error, Pro3 treatment with three-step injection with procaine, Pro2 treatment with two-step injection with procaine, Lid3 treatment with three-step injection with lidocaine, Lid2 treatment with two-step injection with lidocaine