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Table 2 Ancillary diagnostic tests performed to support post-mortem diagnostics of non-commercial anseriform poultry at the National Veterinary Institute (SVA), Sweden in 2011–2020

From: Retrospective analysis of post-mortem findings in domestic ducks and geese from non-commercial flocks in Sweden, 2011–2020

Diagnostic test Domestic duck Muscovy ducka Domestic goose Total
Subm N Subm N Subm N Subm N
Bacterial culture, aerobic 7 11 9 13 6 10 22 34
Bacterial culture, enrichmentb 0 0 1 2 1 1 2 3
Bacterial culture, Salmonella 2 2 2 2 3 3 7 7
Bacterial culture, anaerobic 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1
Fungal culture (yeast) 0 0 1 2 0 0 1 1
PCR, avian influenza virus (AIV) 1 6 2 10 0 0 3 16
PCR, avian paramyxovirus-1 (APMV-1) 1 6 2 10 0 0 3 16
PCR, duck enteritis virus (DEV) 0 0 3 13 0 0 3 13
PCR, goose/Muscovy duck parvovirus (GPV/MDPV) 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1
PCR, avian malariac 1 1 3 9 0 0 4 10
PCR, 18S rDNA (fungal primers) 0 0 3 9 0 0 3 9
Virus isolation 0 0 2 9 0 0 2 9
  1. subm  submission
  2. aIncluding two Muscovy duck/domestic duck F1 hybrids
  3. bEnrichment culture for Erysipelothrix sp./Listeria sp.
  4. cLeucocytozoon sp., Haemoproteus sp./Plasmodium sp.