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  1. This review describes some circumstances where endotoxins of Gram negative bacteria may be related to the pathogenesis of some common production diseases. Decisive evidence for the pathogentical role of endoto...

    Authors: Pia Haubro Andersen

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2003 44(Suppl 1):S141

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 1

  2. We consider 3 basic steps in a study, which have relevance for the statistical analysis. They are: study design, data quality, and statistical analysis. While statistical analysis is often considered an import...

    Authors: Annette Kjær Ersbøll and Bjarne Kjær Ersbøll

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2003 44(Suppl 1):S127

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 1

  3. Neonatal mortality is very high in farm animals (~10%) and disease resistance is greatly influenced by an adequate passive immunisation just after birth. In piglets, foals, calves and lambs, the intestinal abs...

    Authors: P.T. Sangild

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2003 44(Suppl 1):S105

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 1

  4. Recent developments in expressed sequence tag (EST) and cDNA microarray technology have had a dramatic impact on the ability of scientists to study the responses of thousands of genes to external stimuli, such...

    Authors: J. Yao, J.L. Burton, P. Saama, S. Sipkovsky and P.M. Coussens

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2003 44(Suppl 1):S89

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 1

  5. Studies comparing in vivo and in vitro functional capacities of leukocytes from non-parturient and periparturient dairy cows have provided substantial evidence that systemic and local mammary immune defenses a...

    Authors: J.L. Burton, S.A. Madsen, J. Yao, S.S. Sipkovsky and P.M. Coussens

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2003 44(Suppl 1):S71

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 1

  6. Combined parenteral and intramammary treatment of mastitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus was compared to parenteral treatment only. Cows with clinical mastitis (166 mastitic quarters) caused by S. aureus treate...

    Authors: S Taponen, A. Jantunen, E. Pyörälä and S. Pyörälä

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2003 44:53

    Content type: Original article

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  7. The objectives are to review results and experiences from interdisciplinary research projects in Research Centre for the Management of Animal Production and Health (CEPROS) concerning scientific content, organ...

    Authors: Hans Houe

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2003 44(Suppl 1):S51

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 1

  8. In the autumn of 1995 the first outbreaks of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 including ca 100 human cases were reported in Sweden. From outbreaks in other countries it is known that cattle may carry th...

    Authors: A. Albihn, E. Eriksson, C. Wallen and A. Aspán

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2003 44:43

    Content type: Original article

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  9. The antibacterial effect of lactoferrin (Lf) was tested on isolates of Escherichia coli (E. coli), Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) as well as on Pseudomonas aeruginos...

    Authors: T. Kutila, S. Pyörälä, H. Saloniemi and L. Kaartinen

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2003 44:35

    Content type: Original article

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  10. In 1986, a new progressive neurological condition similar to scrapie of sheep and goats was recognised in cattle in the United Kingdom (UK), and was named bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). There is an on...

    Authors: Marcus G. Doherr

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2003 44(Suppl 1):S33

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 1

  11. The term "Production Diseases" referred traditionally to those diseases induced by management practices, metabolic diseases are typical examples. Recently, the term "Production related diseases" has been enhan...

    Authors: Oded Nir (Markusfeld)

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2003 44(Suppl 1):S21

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 44 Supplement 1

  12. During 3 consecutive calving seasons, calving performance, placental characteristics and endocrine profiles of total 98 pregnancies of late pregnant Swedish Red and White (SRB) and Swedish Holstein (SLB) dairy...

    Authors: B. Kornmatitsuk, G. Franzén, H. Gustafsson and H. Kindahl

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2003 44:21

    Content type: Original article

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  13. The aim of the work was to collect, evaluate, summarize and compare heat resistance data reported for Campylobacter, Enterococcus, Escherichia, Listeria, Salmonella and Yersinia spp. The work was limited to resis...

    Authors: S. Sörqvist

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2003 44:1

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  14. Twenty-nine dairy farms were selected to determine the incidence of clinical mastitis, prevalence of sub-clinical mastitis and bacterial aetiology in the West Littoral Region of Uruguay. In samples taken by th...

    Authors: R. Gianneechini, C. Concha, R. Rivero, I. Delucci and J. Moreno López

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:221

    Content type: Original article

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  15. Trichinella spiralis infected rat carcasses were incubated for 6 weeks in several animal feeds to assess how long Trichinella can present a risk for an outbreak in contaminated feeds. In groups of 6, 24 infected ...

    Authors: L. Oivanen, T. Mikkonen, L. Haltia, H. Karhula, H. Saloniemi and A. Sukura

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:203

    Content type: Original article

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  16. The dog is the main reservoir of Leishmania infantum, the causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in humans in Southern Europe. In order to identify the risk of dogs from a Leishmania non-endemic area trav...

    Authors: E. Teske, F. van Knapen, E.G.M. Beijer and R.J. Slappendel

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:195

    Content type: Original article

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  17. Contents of antinuclear antibodies (ANA), rheumatoid factor (RF), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured in serum from 20 dogs with immune-mediated fever. Seven out of 20 patients...

    Authors: Øvrebø Bohnhorst, I Hanssen and Torolf Moen

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:165

    Content type: Original article

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  18. Serum from 88 pregnant sows and gilts was sampled 24 and 28 days after their first insemination or mating day. The oestrone sulphate (E1S) concentration in the samples was assessed with a commercially availabl...

    Authors: AH Gaustad-Aas, E Ropstad, K Karlberg, PO Hofmo and E Dahl

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:157

    Content type: Original article

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  19. The objective of the study was to identify risk factors for reintroduction of Actinobacillus pleuopneumoniae and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (enzootic pneumonia) onto pig farms in areas in Switzerland that were invo...

    Authors: R Hege, W Zimmermann, R Scheidegger and KDC Stärk

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:145

    Content type: Original article

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  20. The aim of the study was to test the performance of a silver wire modified version of the coded telemetric heart rate monitor Polar Vantage NV™ (PVNV) and to measure heart rate (HR) in a group of captive reind...

    Authors: E Eloranta, H Norberg, A Nilsson, T Pudas and H Säkkinen

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:135

    Content type: Original article

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  21. The hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp technique was used to investigate the effect on insulin sensitivity of 2 different diets used in practical cattle feeding in calves. Ten 4 to 5-month-old heifer calves wer...

    Authors: K Sternbauer and J Luthman

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:107

    Content type: Original article

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  22. A questionnaire survey regarding endoparasite control practices in Danish horse herds was carried out in 1995. The participating veterinarians and herd owners were sampled using convenience and purposive sampl...

    Authors: M.M. Larsen, S. Lendal, M. Chriél, S.N. Olsen and H. Bjørn

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:99

    Content type: Original article

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  23. Wet belly, when the reindeer becomes wet over the lower parts of the thorax and abdomen, sometimes occurs in reindeer during feeding. In a feeding experiment, 11 out of 69 reindeer were affected by wet belly. ...

    Authors: B Åhman, A Nilsson, E Eloranta and K Olsson

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:85

    Content type: Original article

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  24. Attempts to eliminate Sarcoptes scabiei var. suis were made in 2 naturally infested sow herds, by intramuscular (IM) injection of doramectin (Dectomax®, Pfizer, New York, USA). A single injection strategy was use...

    Authors: JCE Jensen, LH Nielsen, T Arnason and V Cracknell

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:75

    Content type: Original article

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  25. Organic farming of meat producing poultry like broilers, means that the animals should be kept outdoors as much as possible. This pose a risk that they get infected with Campylobacter. At slaughter, carcasses ...

    Authors: Anders Engvall

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43(Suppl 1):S85

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 43 Supplement 1

  26. Escherichia coli is a normal inhabitant of the gastrointestinal tract of all warm-blooded animals, but variants of this species is also among the important etiological agents of enteritis and several extraintesti...

    Authors: Yngvild Wasteson

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43(Suppl 1):S79

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 43 Supplement 1

  27. Salmonellosis is the main cause of human bacterial gastroenteritis in most European countries. Infections with Salmonella is usually subclinical, whereas clinical cases show symptoms with a wide range of sever...

    Authors: Esko Nurmi

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43(Suppl 1):S77

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 43 Supplement 1

  28. It is not acceptable to compromise animal welfare in any system of farming. Feeding should be aimed at meeting the nutritional requirements at the various stages of production. This paper deals with the detrim...

    Authors: Grétar H. Harðarson

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43(Suppl 1):S63

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 43 Supplement 1

  29. Lowered incidences of disease may be reached in several ways: management and rearing measures, vaccination programmes and preventive medications as well as breeding for improved disease resistance. Here the fo...

    Authors: Ulf Magnusson

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43(Suppl 1):S59

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 43 Supplement 1

  30. Medication is an important focus area in organic animal husbandry. The combination of goals relating to improved animal welfare and reduced use of chemicals in general creates a common wish to reduce medicatio...

    Authors: Mette Vaarst and Torben W. Bennedsgaard

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43(Suppl 1):S51

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 43 Supplement 1

  31. Ninety ejaculates from a total of 76 AI boars were extended in Beltsville Thawing Solution (BTS). Boar identity, breed, weight of the ejaculate and sperm concentration were registered. Motility and acrosome in...

    Authors: E Kommisrud, H Paulenz, E Sehested and IS Grevle

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:49

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

  32. Alternative therapy of animals is described, in the meaning of alternatives to veterinary therapy traditionally accepted by veterinary faculties and schools and included in their curricula. Alternative therapy...

    Authors: Torleiv Løken

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43(Suppl 1):S47

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 43 Supplement 1

  33. In 1995 several outbreaks of food poisoning in humans occurred in Iceland, that were traced to salmonella contamination of singed sheep heads. This prompted us to study the prevalence of salmonella infection i...

    Authors: S Hjartardóttir, E Gunnarsson and J Sigvaldadóttir

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:43

    Content type: Original article

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  34. Requirements of the organic pig farming create an opportunity to offer good life for animals. The space requirements give animals the possibility to exhibit species-specific behavior and provide them opportuni...

    Authors: Pirkko Hämeenoja

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43(Suppl 1):S33

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 43 Supplement 1

  35. Bacteriological follow-up samples were taken from 41 chicken (Gallus gallus) flocks in floor systems, where Salmonella enterica (Salmonella) had been detected either directly in bacteriological samples or indirec...

    Authors: KO Gradel, J Andersen and M Madsen

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43:21

    Content type: Original article

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  36. The new EU-regulations on organic farming (1804/1999) are also influencing the animal welfare. A lot of positive regulations is to find, but also regulations that seen to mind more about the general public and...

    Authors: Karl-Erik Hammarberg

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43(Suppl 1):S17

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 43 Supplement 1

  37. Organic farming (or ecological agriculture) is of growing importance in the agricultural sector worldwide. In the Nordic countries, 1–10% of the arable land was in organic production in 1999. Organic farming c...

    Authors: S. M. Thamsborg

    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2002 43(Suppl 1):S7

    Content type: Original article

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 43 Supplement 1

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