Skip to content

Advertisement

  • Poster presentation
  • Open Access

Water-Soluble Antioxidant in Ewes During Their Late Pregnancy

  • 1,
  • 2 and
  • 2
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica200344 (Suppl 1) :P125

https://doi.org/10.1186/1751-0147-44-S1-P125

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Albumin
  • Food Intake
  • Bilirubin
  • Oxidative State
  • Energy Metabolism

Objective

The metabolism of ewes pregnant with several foetuses is often severely stressed during the end of the pregnancy, which may cause pregnancy toxaemia. These disturbances effect primarily the energy metabolism, but also parameters such as albumin and bilirubin, which again influence the antioxidative state. The antioxidative state also depends from the supply with antioxidants by foodstuffs. Our project aimed at checking the antioxidative state in Merino-meat-sheep and Black-head-sheep pregnant with one or two foetuses during their late pregnancy compared with other metabolic parameters.

Experimental design

Sonographically, 4 healthy Merino-meat-sheep pregnant with one (MFS 1) and pregnant with two (MFS2) foetuses as well as 4 twin pregnant Black-head-sheep with (S K2) were selected. Weekly blood samples (V. jugularis) were taken during the last five weeks ante partum (w. a. p.) as well as during the second week post partum (w. p. p.). The oxidative state was determined as a trolox equivalent antioxidative capacity (TEAC). Hitachi 705 as well as Technicon 1 were used to metabolic and haematological analyses.

Results

Ante and post partum, TEAC concentrations were lowest in MFS1 compared with MFS2 as well as S K2 (p < 0.05). Tendentially, the concentration decreased in all groups 3 to 1 w. a. p. The TEAC differences between the groups, can be explain as a result of differing food intake. The following table shows the quartiles values (median, first -, third quartiles) of different parameters:
Table 1

Table 1

  

weeks postpartum

parameters

race

-5

-3

-1

2

TEA Cμmol/l

MFS 1

180;

171; 155; 188

179; 175; 184

175;

 

MFS 2

193; 189; 197

194; 178; 198

184; 178; 185

214; 194; 215

 

SK 2

180; 170; 187

190; 180; 201

190 ;185; 200

184; 166; 201

Albumine g/l

MFS 1

36.7; 35.8; 37.5

40.5; 40.0; 41.6

40.9; 40.2; 42.4

43.6; 41.5; 44.8

 

MFS 2

38.8; 38.8; 42.7

38.9; 35.6; 39.4

39.5; 36.5; 44.6

38.9; 34.9; 40.7

 

SK 2

40.2; 37.0; 40.2

41.7; 36.6; 43.2

40.3; 38.5; 41.3

41.2; 39.2; 43.3

Bilirubineμmol/l

MFS 1

2.7; 2.2; 3.1

2.8; 2.6; 3.3

2.0; 2.4; 3.4

3.8; 2.9; 4.2

 

MFS 2

3.1; 2.4; 3.2

3.5; 3.1; 4.3

3.8; 3.1; 4.8

3.9; 2.6; 5.9

 

SK 2

2.3; 2.1; 2.7

2.6; 1.3 ;3.2

2.2; 2.0; 2.7

2.4; 1.8; 3.0

Albumin (0.47) and bilirubin (0.34) correlated significantly with TEAC, other parameters, such as insuline (-0.25), FFA (0.22), haemoglobin (0.20), total protein (0.06), glucose (0.05), BHB (0.02), monocytes (-0.16) or leukocytes (0.03), did not.

Conclusion

During late pregnancy different TEAC concentrations in single and twin pregnant ewes occurred, indicating of the antioxidative state. Their cause may be related to the food intake. Metabolic influences (albumin : bilirubin) have in part opposite effects.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Institute of Veterinary Physiology, Veterinary Faculty Leipzig, Germany
(2)
Department of Internal Medicine, Veterinary Faculty Leipzig, Germany

Copyright

© The Author(s); licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2003

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Advertisement