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Cross-infection of gastrointestinal nematodes between winter corralled semi-domesticated reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) and sheep (Ovis aries)

Summary

The increasing number of sheep (Ovis aries) in the reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) herding area in North Finland and supplementary winter feeding of reindeer in corrals shared with sheep causes potential for cross-infection of gastrointestinal nematodes between reindeer and sheep. The aim of this study was to elucidate this potential. The study included 46 animals, of which 12 reindeer and 8 sheep had shared a corral. Twelve reindeer had no known contact with sheep. Both reindeer groups shared free ranging areas with wild moose (Alces alces). Two moose were included in this study, as were 12 sheep which had no contact with other ruminants. After slaughter in September-November abomasa and proximal small intestines were collected and examined for gastrointestinal nematodes. The parasites were collected, counted and identified. Following species were found in reindeer: Ostertagia gruehneri, Ostertagia arctica, Spiculopteragia dagestanica, Nematodirus tarandi, Nematodirella longissimespiculata and Bunostomum trigonocephalum. Sheep were infected with Teladorsagia circumcincta, Teladorsagia trifurcata, Ostertagia gruehneri, Ostertagia arctica, Nematodirus filicollis and Nematodirus spathiger. Spiculopteragia dagestanica and Ostertagia gruehneri were identified in moose. Ostertagia gruehneri, which is considered to be a reindeer parasite, was only found in the sheep that had shared a corral with reindeer. These sheep were not found to be infected with other abomasal nematodes. The reindeer that had shared a corral with sheep were not infected with nematodes usually having sheep as their primary host.

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Correspondence to Saana-Maaria Manninen.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Manninen, SM., Oksanen, A. & Laaksonen, S. Cross-infection of gastrointestinal nematodes between winter corralled semi-domesticated reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) and sheep (Ovis aries). Acta Vet Scand 52, S30 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1186/1751-0147-52-S1-S30

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Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Small Intestine
  • Veterinary Medicine
  • Primary Host
  • Gastrointestinal Nematode