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Table 2 Prevalence of Francisella tularensis antibodies (titer ≥ 1:20) in Alaskan wildlife from 1964 - 2000.

From: Tularemia in Alaska, 1938 - 2010

Year Host Location #Positive #Tested Reference
1964 Dairy cattle Tanana Valley 2 173 [14]
  Barrow ground squirrel Tanana hills, Paxson 1 34  
  Red squirrel Interior, Paxson 9 111  
  Red-backed vole Interior, Paxson 2 120  
  Tundra vole Interior, Paxson 11 229  
  Porcupine Interior 1 2  
  Varying hare Interior, Paxson 3 60  
  Cliff swallow Interior 1 3  
  Bank swallow Interior 1 38  
  Common redpoll Interior, Paxson 1 15  
  Varied thrush Interior 1 4  
  Northern water thrush Tanana hills 1 3  
  American tree sparrow Tanana hills 1 10  
  Willow ptarmigan Tanana hills 1 2  
1967-68 Varying hare Eagle 1 29 [18]
  Ground squirrel Denali highway 2 72  
  Red-backed vole Delta creek 1 376  
  Collared lemming Nome 1 25  
  Wolf Tok 1 15  
  Black bear Circle hot springs 2 4  
  Marten Eagle 9 26  
  Ermine Katella 1 31  
  Lynx Tok 1 4  
  Gray jay Manley hot springs 2 19  
  Northern raven Circle hot springs, Fairbanks 2 13  
  Northern shrike Glenn highway 1 1  
1975-82 Wolf Southcentral Alaska 16 67 [19]
1984- Wolf Southcentral Alaska 1 6 [20]
2000 Wolf Central Interior 8 32  
  Wolf Southern Interior 28 135  
  Wolf Eastern Interior 2 30  
  Wolf Western Interior 3 30  
  Wolf Northern Interior 7 48  
  Wolf Western arctic 5 75  
  Wolf Eastern arctic 2 45  
1988-91 Grizzly bear Kodiak island 3 77 [17]
  Grizzly bear Alaska Peninsula 12 86  
  Grizzly bear Interior Alaska 13 40  
  Black bear Interior Alaska 13 40  
  Grizzly bear Seward Peninsula 4 40  
  Grizzly bear Noatak river drainage 12 87  
  Grizzly bear Arctic northwest 34 96  
  Grizzly bear Arctic northeast and central 15 54