Volume 57 Supplement 1

Animal Obesity - causes, consequences and comparative aspects: meeting abstracts

Open Access

Evaluation of motion symmetry in overweight cats with osteoarthritis in the stifle joint using a pressure sensitive mat technique

Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica201557(Suppl 1):P13

https://doi.org/10.1186/1751-0147-57-S1-P13

Published: 25 September 2015

Introduction

An increasing number of cats are being recognized as overweight. Overweight is known to aggravate painful musculoskeletal conditions. Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common musculoskeletal conditions that cause chronic pain in cats.

Objectives

The objective was to assess the degree of motion symmetry in overweight cats with OA in the stifle joint using a pressure sensitive mat technique. The hypothesis was that cats with OA have a different motion symmetry index compared to healthy cats.

Methods

Seven cats with OA in the stifle joint were included. The cats had signs of OA both on physical and radiographic examination. The cats were registered with a pressure mat (Walkway™ System High Resolution HRV4) and data analysis was performed on two valid trials. The results were compared to previous results from 24 healthy cats. The comparison was made using a two tailed t-test for unpaired data.

Results

The cats with OA had a front/hind asymmetry of 1.42 compared to the healthy cats 1.26 (p=0.0012). The OA cats had an average bodyweight (BW) of 5.19 (standard deviation SD 0.51) and their body condition score (BCS) was 7.0/9. The healthy cats had an average BW of 4.71 (SD 1.45) and a BCS of 5.8/9.

Discussion

This confirms the hypothesis that overweight cats with stifle joint OA have a different motion symmetry compared to healthy cats.

Conclusion

Overweight cats with stifle joint OA put an increased amount of pressure on the front limbs compared to healthy cats.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
(2)
Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Copyright

© Stadig and Bergh 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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