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Indigestion in Young Calves VI

Indigestion hos unge kaluer. VI. Undersøkelser au diarékalver fôret med melke-erstatninger läget av normal- og varmebehandlet tørrmelks-og mysepulver

Studies of Diarrheic Calves Fed Milk Replacers Made of Normal and Heat-Treated Skim Milk and whey Powder

Abstract

Diarrhea occurred in 12 pre-ruminant calves after the introduction of milk replacers. Six of the calves were fed a replacer made of normally treated skim milk and whey powder, while the other 6 got a replacer made of heat-treated powders, although otherwise similar to that of the first group. Abomasal curd formation was deficient in calves fed for 9 or 17 days on the heat-treated replacer (4 of 6 calves). Otherwise, no clear differences between the calves given normally treated and heat-treated replacer occurred, as regards diarrhea, bacteriological, virological, and pathomorphological findings in the intestinal tract. Rotavirus and chlamydial infections were indicated and considered as the major cause of the diarrheic condition, although bacteria, including coliforms and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, may have contributed. The milk replacers may have been involved was provoking factors.

Sammendrag

Diaré opptrådte hos 12 unge kalver etter at de var satt på en melke-erstatningsdiett. Seks av kalvene fikk en erstatning läget av normalbehandlet myse- og tørrmelkspulver, de andre 6 fikk en til-svaren de diett, men hvor pulveret var varmebehandlet. Fire kalver som hadde fått varmebehandlet erstatning i henholdsvis 9 og 17 dager manglet løpekoagler. Ellers var det ikke sikre forskjeller mellom gruppene, hverken med hensyn til kvantitativt bakteriologiske, viro-logiske eller patomorfologiske funn i tarmkanalen. Rotavirus og chlamydier ble påvist hos noen av kalvene og betraktet som vesentlige år-saker til diaréen, selv om også koliforme bakterier og Pseudomonas aeruginosa kan ha bidratt. Melke-erstatningene kan ha spilt en rolle som provoserende faktorer.

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Correspondence to T. Landsverk.

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This study was supported by grants from the Agricultural Research Council of Norway.

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Landsverk, T., Laksesvela, B., Liven, E. et al. Indigestion in Young Calves VI. Acta Vet Scand 24, 431–445 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03546716

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Key words

  • heat-treatment
  • skim milk
  • whey
  • diarrhea
  • curd formation
  • intestinal microflora
  • rotavirus
  • chlamydia
  • calves