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A Survey of FIV Antibodies and FeLV Antigens in Free-roaming Cats in the Capital Area of Finland

FIV antikroppar och FeLV antigener hos fritt strövande kattor i huvudstadsregionen i Finland

Abstract

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) was first isolated and identified in 1986. Since then it has been shown to have a worldwide distribution, and the infection generally appears to have reached a state of endemicity. This is the 1st study of FIV-prevalence in Finland. Serum samples of 196 free-roaming cats were tested for antibodies to FIV and FeLV antigens (Feline leukemia virus). With a combined enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), 13 of the cats (6.6%) turned out to be positive for FIV and 2 for FeLV (1.0%). Adult male cats in the capital area of Finland had a FIV prevalence of 24%, a relative proportion 4.7 times higher than that for females.

Sammanfattning

Kattor erhållna från Djurskyddföreningen i Helsingfors blev serumtestade (196 st) mellan februari och november. Kattorna hade rört sig fritt ute. Tretton kattor hade FIV-antikroppar (6.6%) och 2 FeLV-antigener (1.0%). Prevalensen (24%) hos fullvuxna hankattor inom huvudstadsområdet var 4.7 gånger större än hos honkattor.

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Correspondence to A. Sukura.

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Sukura, A., Salminen, T. & Lindberg, LA. A Survey of FIV Antibodies and FeLV Antigens in Free-roaming Cats in the Capital Area of Finland. Acta Vet Scand 33, 9–14 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03546930

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Keywords

  • FAIDS
  • feline-aids
  • immunosuppression
  • retroviridae
  • lentivirus
  • feline immunodeficiency virus
  • epidemiology
  • feline leukemia virus