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Thoraco-Lumbar Disk Protrusion with Severe Cord Compression in the Dog

Thorako-lumbale Bandscheibenbrüche mit schwerer Rückenmarkskompression beim Hund

Thorako-lumbala diskbråck med svar ryggmärgskompression hos hund

Summary

I. Clinical And Patho-Anatomic Observations With Special Reference To The Rate Of Development Of The Symptoms Of Motor Loss

The development speed of symptoms of motor loss in 205 dogs with thoracic or lumbar disk protrusion with severe spinal cord compression has been studied. The results have been considered in relation to Tarlov’s experimental investigations into the prospects of restoring the function of the spinal cord after a temporary spinal cord compression of varying degree, development speed, and duration. The results indicate that in most cases of disk protrusion there should be sufficient time available to perform a surgical decompression before the damage to the spinal cord becomes irreversible.

Zusammenfassung

I. Klinische und pathologisch-anatomische Beobachtungen mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Entwicklungsgeschwindigkeit der motorischen Wegfallssymptome.

Die Verf. hat die Entwicklungsgeschwinidigkeit der motorischen Wegfallssymptome bei 205 Hunden studiert, die an thorakaler oder lumbaler Bandscheibemprolaps mit starkem Wegfallssymptomen erkrankt waren. Die Ergebnisse sind mit den experimentellen Befunden von Tarlov verglichen, der die Möglichkeiten für Restitution der Rückenmarksfunktiom nach übergehender Kompression von variierender Stärke, Entwicklungsgeschwindigkeit und Dauer studiert hat.

Die Ergebnissie dieser Vergleichung deuten darauf, dass es möglich wäre eine chirurgische Dekompression auszuführen, bevor die Rückenmarksschädigung irreversibel geworden ist.

Sammanfattning

I. Kliniska och patolog-anatomiska observationer med särskild hänsyntagen till utvecklingshastigheten för de spinale bortfallssymtomen.

Utvecklingshastigheten för de motoriska bortfallssymtomen har studerats på 205 hundar med thorakalt eller lumbalt diskbråck med grav ryggmärgskompression. Resultaten ha ställts i relation till Tarlovs experimentella undersökningar över utsikterna till restitution av ryggmärgsfunktionen efter en temporär ryggmärgskompression av varierande grad, utvecklingshastighet och duration. Resultaten tala för att det i flertalet fall av diskbråck bör finnas möjlighet att hinna utföra en kirurgisk dekompression innan ryggmärgsskadan blivit irreversibel.

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Funkquist, B. Thoraco-Lumbar Disk Protrusion with Severe Cord Compression in the Dog. Acta Vet Scand 3, 256–274 (1962). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03547144

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