Skip to main content

The Effect of Atrophic Rhinitis on Growth Rate

Atrofisk rhinitts innvirkning på tilveksthastighet


Growth rate in pigs with turbinate atrophy was compared to growth rate in pigs without turbinate atrophy in 9 herds with atrophic rhinitis (AR) in which toxigenic strains of Pasteurella multocida had been isolated. Average reduction in growth rate in pigs with severe turbinate atrophy was 4.7 % as compared to pigs without turbinate atrophy. The difference was statistically significant only in some herds. Pigs with moderate AR gained on average 1.1 % less than unaffected ones. Thus, the study supports the assumption that AR is of economic significance in modern pig farming.


Tilveksten hos griser med og uten concha-atrofi ble sammenlignet i 9 besetninger som alle hadde klinisk nysesjuke og hvor toksinproduserende stammer av Pasteurella multocida var påvist. Griser med uttalt concha-atrofi vokste i gjennomsnitt 4,7 % seinere enn griser uten tryneforandringer i samme besetning, mens griser med moderat concha-atrofi hadde gjennomsnittlig 1.1 % nedsatt tilvekst. Selv om reduksjonen i tilvekst ikke var statistisk signifikant i alle besetninger, bekrefter dette at nysesjuke medfører økonomiske tap i moderne svinehold.


  • Backstrom L, Hoefling DC, Morkoc AC, Cowart RP: Effect of atrophic rhinitis on growth rate in Illinois swine herds. J. Amer. vet. med. Ass. 1985,757,712–715.

    Google Scholar 

  • Backstrom L, Hoefling D, Morkoc A, Vinson R, Smith AR: Atrophic rhinitis in swine I: Clinical signs, slaughter lesions, daily weight gain, disease transmission. Int. Pig. Vet. Soc. Congr., Mexico 1982, p. 116.

    Google Scholar 

  • Baalsrud KJ: Vaccination against atrophic rhinitis: Effect on clinical symptoms, weight gain and turbinate atrophy. Acta vet. scand. 1987,25, 305–311.

    Google Scholar 

  • Carter GR, Rundell SW: Identification of type A strains of P. multocida using staphylococcal hyaluronidase. Vet. Ree. 1975, 96, 343.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Carter GR, Subronto P: Identification of type D strains of Pasteurella multocida with acrifla-vine. Amer. J. vet. Res. 1973,34, 293–294.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Elling F, Pedersen KB: Atrophic rhinitis in pigs induced by a dermonecrotic type A strain of Pasteurella multocida. In: Atrophic rhinitis, eds. K. B. Pedersen & N. C. Nielsen. CEC-report EUR 8643 En. Office for Official Publications of EEC, Luxembourg 1983, p. 123–135.

    Google Scholar 

  • Elling F, Pedersen KB: The pathogenesis of persistent turbinate atrophy induced by toxigenic Pasteurella multocida in pigs. Vet. Pathol. 1985,22, 469–474.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Giles CJ, Smith IM, Baskerville AJ, Brothwell E: Clinical bacteriological and epidemiological observations on infectious atrophic rhinitis in pigs in southern England. Vet. Ree. 1980,106, 25–28.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • de Jong MF, Oei HL, Tetenburg GJ: AR-patho-genicity-tests for Pasteurella multocida isolates. Proc. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. Congr. Copenhagen 1980, p. 211.

    Google Scholar 

  • Martineau-Doizé Β, Martineau GP: Topography and differential growth of the nasal ventral concha (os conchae nasalis ventralis) of the pig from birth to six weeks of age. Amer. J. vet. Res. 1986,47,416–421.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Morrison RB, Hilley HD, Leman AD: The association between pneumonia and atrophic rhinitis in slaughter weight swine. Canad. vet. J. 1985,26, 95–97.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Pedersen KB, Barfod K: The aetiological significance of Bordetella bronchiseptica and Pasteurella multocida in atrophic rhinitis of swine. Nord. Vet.-Med. 1981,33, 513–522.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Rutter JM: Atrophic rhinitis in swine. Adv. Vet. Sci. 1985,29,239–279.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Rutter JM, Luther PD: Cell culture assay for toxigenic Pasteurella multocida from atrophic rhinitis of pigs. Vet. Ree. 1984,114, 393–396.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Straw BE, Leman AD, Robinson RA: Pneumonia and atrophic rhinitis in pigs from a test station - a follow-up study. J. Amer. vet. med. Ass. 1984,185, 1544–1546.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Yoshikawa T, Hanada T: Histopathological studies on pigs with atrophic rhinitis showing retarded growth. Jpn. J. vet. Sci. 1981, 43, 221–231.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Baalsrud, K.J. The Effect of Atrophic Rhinitis on Growth Rate. Acta Vet Scand 28, 299–304 (1987).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: