Skip to main content

Vaccination against Atrophic Rhinitis: Effect on Clinical Symptoms, Growth Rate and Turbinate Atrophy

Vaksinasjon mot atrofisk rhinitt. Effekt på kliniske symptomer, tilveksthastighet og concha-atrofi

Abstract

Two combined Pasteurella multocida/Bordetella bronchiseptica whole cell bacterins were tested in 15 swine herds in which atrophic rhinitis (AR) was a problem, though of varying significance. One half of the sows/litters in each herd was vaccinated, the other half acting as a control group. Vaccination resulted in reduced clinical symptoms of AR and an average increase in weight gain of 2.4 % in the 8 herds in which toxigenic P. multocida had been isolated, which was not statistically significant. Clinical symptoms and turbinate atrophy were also observed in vaccinated animals in most herds.

The need for improved methods to diagnose the presence of toxigenic P. multocida is discussed. Vaccination programmes in which herds are selected on the basis of the presence of toxigenic P. multocida are proposed.

Sammendrag

To tradisjonelle helcelle-vaksiner bestående av Pasteurella multocida og Bordetella bronchiseptica ble prøvet ut i 15 svinebesetninger som alle hadde nysesjuke, men varierende grad av kliniske symptomer. Halvparten av purkene/smågrisene i hver besetning ble vaksinert, resten utgjorde kontrollgrupper. Vaksinasjon førte til en reduksjon i kliniske symptomer og en gjennomsnittlig vektøkning på 2,8 % i de 8 besetningene der toksinproduserende P. multocida var blitt isolert. Men også vaksinerte dyr viste kliniske symptomer på nysesjuke og concha-atrofi.

Det trengs bedre metoder til å fastslå om toksin-producerende P. multocida finnes i svinebesetninger. Ved hjelp av dette kan en legge opp vaksinasjonsprogrammer i besetninger hvor disse bakteriene er til stede.

References

  • Baars JC, de Jong MF, Storm PK, Willems H, Pennings A: Atrophic rhinitis and its control with an adjuvant vaccine consisting of B. bronchiseptica and P. multocida strains. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. Congr., Copenhagen 1982, p. 121.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bäckström L, Hoefling DC, Morkoc AC, Cowart RP: Effect of atrophic rhinitis on growth rate in Illinois swine herds. J. Amer. vet. med. Ass. 1985,757,712–715.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bercovich Z, Oosterwoud A: Vaccination with Bordetella bronchiseptica vaccine on a farm with atrophic rhinitis: An evaluation of a field experiment. Tijdschr. Diergeneesk. 1977,102, 485–494.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Bording Jensen A, Riising HJ: Klinisk afprov-ning af Atrinord. (Clinical trials with Atri-nord). Dansk VetTidsskr. 1985, 68, 1127–1130.

    Google Scholar 

  • Baalsrud KJ: The effect of atrophic rhinitis on growth rate. Acta vet. scand. 1987,28, 299–304.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Duncan JR, Ross RF, Switzer WP, Ramsey FK: Pathology of experimental Bordetella bronchiseptica in swine: Atrophic rhinitis. Amer. J. vet. Res. 1966,27,457–466.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Élias Β, Török L: Epizootiologische Untersuch-ungen über die Rhinitis atrophicans und Pneumonie des Schweines. (Epidemiological studies on atrophie rhinitis and pneumonia in pigs). Zbl. Vet. Med. B, 1984,31, 180–188.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Elling F, Pedersen KB: The pathogenesis of persistent turbinate atrophy induced by toxigenic Pasteurella multocida in pigs. Vet. Pathol. 1985,22,469–474.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Flesjå KI: Pathological lesions in swine at slaughter. III. Acta vet. scand. 1980, 27, Suppl. 74,22 pp.

    Google Scholar 

  • Goodnow RA, Shade FJ, Switzer WP: Efficacy of Bordetella bronchiseptica bacterin in controlling enzootic atrophic rhinitis in swine. Amer. J. vet. Res. 1979,40, 58–60.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Pearce HG, Roe CK: Atrophic rhinitis - epidemiology and effect of the disease on maturity time of market pigs. Canad. vet. J. 1967,8, 186–188.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Pedersen KB, Barfod K: Effect of vaccination of sows with Bordetella bronchiseptica on the incidence of atrophic rhinitis in swine. Nord. Vet.-Med. 1977,29, 369–375.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Schuller W, Trubrich H, Kosztolich O, Flatscher J, John J: Vaccination against atrophic rhinitis in swine with a combined Bordetella bronchiseptica/Pasteurella multocida vaccine. Zbl. Vet. Med. B, 1980,27, 125–130.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Schöss P: Atrophic rhinitis: Field test of a Borde-tella-Pasteurella vaccine. Int. Pig Vet. Soc. Congr., Copenhagen 1980, p. 204.

    Google Scholar 

  • Straw BE, Leman AD, Robinson RA: Pneumonia and atrophic rhinitis in pigs from a test station - a follow-up study. J. Amer. vet. med. Ass. 1984,755, 1544–1546.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wittowski G, Horner M, Tenhumberg H: Vakzi-nierung gegen Rhinitis atrophicans mit Rhino-vac. (Vaccination against atrophic rhinitis using Rhinovac). Beri. Münch. Tierarztl. Wschr. 1980,95,214–218.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Baalsrud, K.J. Vaccination against Atrophic Rhinitis: Effect on Clinical Symptoms, Growth Rate and Turbinate Atrophy. Acta Vet Scand 28, 305–311 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03548598

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03548598

Keywords

  • pigs
  • toxigenic Pasteurella multocida