A total of 325 blue for vixens were inseminated with fresh semen from 50 silver fox males. Each ejaculutate was divided into 4 portions and diluted so as to contain 100, 60, 40, and 20 million sperm/ml. Vixens in groups 1,2,3 and 4 had been randomly assigned to their group at the time of insemination. The animals were inseminated once with either 100,60,40, or 20 million sperm. Vixens in groups 5 and 6 were selected by the technician after detecting signs of estrus during a physical examination. Animals judged to be at their optimal time for conception were assigned to group 5 and inseminated once with 20 million sperm. Animals considered to be early in their heat were assigned to group 6 and inseminated twice within 24 to 36 h with 20 million sperm per insemination dose. All inseminations were performed within 3 h of semen collection. A 1-ml total volume of extended semen was used for intrauterine deposition. In the random group inseminated once with 20 million sperm (group 4), both pregnancy rate and litter size were lower compared to the other random groups (groups 1,2, and 3), although the difference was not statistically significant. Among the vixens inseminated with 20 million sperm (group 4, 5, and 6) there was a significant difference in fertility between animals randomly selected and inseminaed once and those selected by the technician and inseminated twice (group 6). Our results suggest that for the crossbreeding of foxes 20 million sperm is the minimum insemination dose required for acceptable fertility with the present tecnique for sperm preservation and estrous determination.