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Table 5 The postmortem (PM) findings for non-commercial laying chickens submitted to Evira Helsinki during the years 2000 – 2011

From: Questionnaire study and postmortem findings in backyard chicken flocks in Finland

Year No. of samples No. of farms PM finding (no.) Endoparasites (no.) Ectoparasites (no.)
2000 2 2 Colibacillosis (1)A None None
Tumor (non-Marek) (1)
2001 6 4 Cannibalism (2) Ascaridia galli (1)B Menacanthus stramineus (2)B
Cachexia (1)
Colibacillosis (1)
Marek’s disease (1)
Trauma (1)
2002 7 5 Colibacillosis (4) Ascaridia galli (2) None
Coccidiosis (2) Eimeria spp.(2)
Marek’s disease (1) Heterakis gallinarum(3)
2003 9 7 Colibacillosis (3) Ascaridia galli (1) Dermanyssus gallinae (2)
Marek’s disease (3) Capillaria spp. (1)
Anemia (1) Eimeria spp. (2)
Tumor (non-marek)(1) Heterakis gallinarum (1)
Visceral gout (1)
2004 20 13 Marek’s disease (8) Ascaridia galli (1) Cnemidocoptes mutans (1)
Colibacillosis (3) Capillaria spp. (2) Menacanthus stramineus (5)
M. avium spp. infection (2) Heterakis gallinarum (4)
Cannibalism (2)
Amyloidosis (1)
Aspergillosis (1)
Cachexia (1)
Sepsis (1)
No findings (1)
2005 4 4 Marek’s disease (2) Eimeria spp. (1) Menacanthus stramineus (1)
Cachexia (1)
Coccidiosis (1)
2006 4 4 Marek’s disease (3) Ascaridia galli (1) Dermanyssus gallinae (2)
Cachexia (1) Capillaria spp. (1)
Eimeria spp. (1) Menacanthus stramineus (2)
Heterakis gallinarum (2)
2007 22 17 Colibacillosis (4) Ascaridia galli (3) Cnemidocoptes mutans (3)
Marek’s disease (5) Capillaria spp. (1) Dermanyssus gallinae (1)
Clostrium. perfringens enteritis (2) Eimeria spp. (4) Menacanthus stramineus (3)
Heterakis gallinarum (6)
Coccidiosis (2)
No findings (3)
Aspiration pneumonia (1)
Cachexia (1)
Heart failure (1)
Sepsis (1)
Visceral gout (1)
Salpingoperitonitis (P. multocida) (1)
2008 10 5 Cachexia (5) Heterakis gallinarum (6) Cnemidocoptes mutans (1)
Colibasillosis (2)
Predator (2)
Listeriosis (1)
2009 13 11 Marek’s disease (4) Capillaria spp. (2) Cnemidocoptes mutans (1)
    Colibacillosis (3) Eimeria spp. (2) Dermanyssus gallinae (1)
Cachexia (2) Heterakis gallinarum (3) .
Coccidiosis (1)
Dust pneumonia (1)
Heart failure (1)
Listeriosis (1)
2010 13 7 Non-starter syndrome (4) Ascaridia galli (3) Dermanyssus gallinae (2)
Marek’s disease (3) Capillaria spp. (1) Menacanthus stramineus (1)
Coccidiosis (2) Eimeria spp. (3)
Opaque cornea (2) Heterakis gallinarum (1)
Colibacillosis (1)
Sepsis (1)
2011 22 18 Marek’s disease (5) Ascaridia galli (6) Dermanyssus gallinae (1)
Nails in gizzard (4) Capillaria spp. (4)
Coccidiosis (2) Eimeria spp. (5)
Heart failure (2) Heterakis gallinarum (3)
Visceral gout (2)
Aspergillosis (1)
Cachexia (1)
Colibacillosis (1)
Dust pneumonia (1)
Hepatic lipidosis (1)
Listeriosis (1)
Muscular dystrophy (1)
In total 132     
  1. AThe number of findings. One bird had only one finding. BThe number of findings. One bird could have more than one finding.