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Table 2 Causes of end-of-life for 39 dogs

From: Body weight at 10 years of age and change in body composition between 8 and 10 years of age were related to survival in a longitudinal study of 39 Labrador retriever dogs

Cause of death N (%) Median age at death, in years (min–max) Comments
Cancer 16 (41%) 13.9 (9.7–17.9) 5 hemangiosarcoma, 2 hepatocellular carcinoma, 1 mast cell tumour + 1 mast cell tumour, 2 urinary tract cancer and 1 each of lymphosarcoma, osteosarcoma, plasma cell tumour, adenocarcinoma and prostatic cancer
Gastrointestinal disease 4 (10%) 13.5 (12.8–14.1) 1 each of mega-oesophagus, gastrointestinal (GI) inflammation, gastric dilatation volvulus and found dead in kennel [enteritis, colitis + protein-losing enteropathy (PLE)]
Heart, kidney, liver and/or pancreas disease 5 (13%) 15.2 (13.6–17.6) 2 chronic kidney disease, 1 myocardial fibrosis + 1 other heart disease + 1 renal, GI, liver and pancreatic pathology
Musculoskeletal 8 (20%) 13.8 (12.1–15.8) 7 osteoarthritis + 1 intervertebral disc disease
Other 3 (8%) 13.9 (11.7–15.2) 2 seizures + 1 septicaemia
Quality of life 3 (8%) 15.8 (14.8–17.0) With no proximate cause identified on post-mortem examination
  1. Cause of end-of-life for the last 5 dogs were not included in Adams et al. (ref. [19]) and have been added to this table in italics