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Table 4 Results of temporospatial gait analysis in English bulldogs (n = 22)

From: Radiographic findings have an association with weight bearing and locomotion in English bulldogs

 Mean ± SD
Stride velocity (m/sec)2.14 ± 0.27
Stance time % of gait cycle LF42.9 ± 2.9
Stance time % of gait cycle RF43.0 ± 2.8
Stance time % of gait cycle LH34.7 ± 4.0
Stance time % of gait cycle RH34.5 ± 4.0
Stance time % of GC F/H ratio1.25 ± 0.09
Stance time % of GC L/R symmetry1.00 ± 0.03
Step length LF (m)0.44 ± 0.07
Step length RF (m)0.43 ± 0.05
Step length LH (m)0.43 ± 0.07
Step length RH (m)0.44 ± 0.05
Total pressure index % LF30.7 ± 1.9
Total pressure index % RF31.4 ± 2.0
Total pressure index % LH19.0 ± 1.5
Total pressure index % RH19.0 ± 1.6
Total pressure index F/H ratio1.65 ± 0.17
Total pressure index L/R symmetry0.99 ± 0.09
  1. Total pressure index % is calculated as the percentage of total sum of peak pressure values for all feet. LF left front limb, LH left hind limb, RF right front limb, RH right hind limb, F front, H hind, L left, R right, GC gait cycle