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Table 1 Semen quality characteristics of bull semen samples for the satisfactory group and unsatisfactory group

From: Macro- and microelements in serum and seminal plasma as biomarkers for bull sperm cryotolerance

Semen characteristics (%) Fresh semen
Satisfactory group (N  =  15)a Unsatisfactory group (N  =  15)a
Median Lower quartile Upper quartile Median Lower quartile Upper quartile
Motility 85.00 85.00 90.00 60.00 50.00 60.00
Progressive motility 75.00 70.00 77.50 40.00 30.00 52.50
Viability 91.50 90.25 94.13 76.25 67.38 85.38
Normal morphology 86.00 83.00 89.00 68.50 50.75 77.50
Acrosome defects 2.50 1.25 3.25 5.00 3.25 11.75
Normal tail membrane integrity 93.00 91.50 96.00 82.50 74.00 87.50
DNA fragmentation 5.83 3.58 7.25 9.83 7.00 13.25
Semen characteristics (%) Frozen-thawed semen
Satisfactory group (N  =  15) Unsatisfactory group (N  =  15)
Median Lower quartile Upper quartile Median Lower quartile Upper quartile
Motility 80.00 74.00 85.00 53.00 48.25 68.25
Progressive motility 60.00 57.13 64.75 32.50 20.63 51.50
Viability 89.25 85.13 90.88 64.00 58.38 82.75
Normal morphology 81.00 74.75 84.00 60.50 41.50 72.00
Acrosome defects 6.50 5.75 9.75 13.00 8.75 17.25
Normal tail membrane integrity 90.50 86.75 93.50 73.50 67.75 79.75
DNA fragmentation 8.50 5.42 9.25 15.67 11.75 20.6
  1. aFor all measured semen characteristics, statistically significant differences between satisfactory and unsatisfactory groups were observed (P  <  0.05) in fresh and frozen-thawed semen