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Table 3 Decrease in muscle function scores with increased speed

From: The impact of water depth and speed on muscle fiber activation of healthy dogs walking in a water treadmill

Score Level 0 (bottom of pads) Level 1 (hock) Level 2 (stifle joint) Level 3 (mid-femur)
BF P* QVL P* BF P* QVL P* BF P* QVL P* BF P* QVL P*
E 24%  +  +  +  21%  +  +  +  27%  +  +  +  25%  +  +  +  32%  +  +  +  29%  +  +  +  42%  +  +  +  35%  +  +  + 
S 7%  +  +  +  5%  +  +  4%  +  8%  +  +  +  10%  +  +  +  5%  +  10%  +  +  +  7%  +  +  + 
T 8%  +  4%  +  15%  +  +  +  8%  +  +  +  12%  +  +  +  10%  +  +  18%  +  +  12%  +  + 
  1. Figures show the percentage decrease in fiber resting time/total time (E-score), spatial summation (S-score), temporal summation (T-score) of m. biceps femoris (BF) and vastus lateralis of m. quadriceps (QVL) when speed is increased from 30 m/min to 50 m/min. Measurements were obtained from 25 dogs walking in a water treadmill at four water levels. * P < 0.05 =  + , P < 0.01 =  +  + , P < 0.001 =  +  +  +