Skip to content

Advertisement

Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica

What do you think about BMC? Take part in

Open Access

The prevalence of internal parasites in wild boar farms in Finland

  • Outi Hälli1,
  • Eve Ala-Kurikka1,
  • Olli Peltoniemi1 and
  • Mari Heinonen1
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica201052(Suppl 1):S29

https://doi.org/10.1186/1751-0147-52-S1-S29

Published: 13 October 2010

Background

In Finland, the most important internal parasites in domestic pigs are nematode Ascaris suum and coccidia Isospora suis. As the environmental conditions and management practices in wild boar (Sus scrofa) outdoor farming are suitable for parasites during most seasons, we wanted to explore the parasite burden of wild boars in Finland. This kind of research has not been carried out earlier in our country. Economical losses caused by internal parasites, especially ascarids, are mainly due to reduced daily weight gain and feed conversion ratio [1].

Materials and methods

Based on a national record of wild boar farmers, a sampling frame of farms was compiled. Every farm on that list was contacted first by mail and the non-responders received a phone call from research group personnel. All volunteer farms that still had wild boars were included. From all animals slaughtered in study farms during the study period (autumn 2007 – spring 2008), a faecal sample was obtained directly from rectum after slaughter. Faecal egg or oocyst counts regarding Ascaris suum, coccidia, Strongylus and Trichuris suis were counted by the concentration McMaster technique. The number of positive farms (at least one animal with parasite eggs in faecal sample) and summary statistics of egg counts for every parasite type was calculated.

Results

Altogether 113 samples were collected from 22 farms, a median of 4 samples (1-15) per herd. The median age of sampled wild boars was 18 months. Mean age was found to be 21,5 months (standard deviation 14,5). The number of positive farms can be seen in Figure 1. and summary statistics for egg or oocyst counts for different parasites studied can be found in Table 1.
Figure 1

Number of farms with at least one pig positive for different parasites in fecal examination (22 farms included in the study).

Table 1

Summary statistics for egg counts (epg) for coccidia, Strongylus, Ascaris suum and Trichuris suis.

Parasite

Mean, epg

SD, epg

Min, epg

Max, epg

Coccidia

6 118

1987

0

102 000

Strongylus

300

945

0

6 150

Ascaris suum

29

15

0

1 450

Trichuris suis

0

0

0

0

Conclusion

Almost all farms were positive regarding coccidia. The exact diagnosis of the species of the oocysts was not reached, whether they were Isospora or Eimeria. Although the established oocyst counts probably are harmless for adult animals, the risk for piglets could be substantial because of environmental contamination, especially in case of Isospora. Smaller number of animals and farms were Strongylus or Ascaris suum positive. Adult animals are known to be able to develop immunity towards ascarids, thus the low egg burden in sampled animals was quite expected.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of Production Animal Medicine, University of Helsinki

References

  1. Corwin RM, Stewart TB: Internal Parasites. Diseases of Swine. Edited by: Straw BE, D’Allaire S, Mengeling WL, Taylor DJ Ames. 1999, Iowa: Iowa State University Press, 713-730. 8Google Scholar

Copyright

© Hälli et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

Advertisement