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  1. Campylobacter spp. are some of the most important food-borne zoonoses in Europe and broiler meat is considered the main source of Campylobacter infections. Organic and free-range broilers have access to outdoor r...

    Authors: Brian Lassen, Birgitte Helwigh, Channie Kahl Petersen and Johanne Ellis-Iversen
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:24
  2. Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a congenital syndrome of mammals affecting organs and tissues of ectodermal origin characterized by absence or hypoplasia of hair, teeth, and eccrine glands. The diso...

    Authors: Giovanni Capuzzello, Joana Gonçalves Pontes Jacinto, Irene Monika Häfliger, Gail E. Chapman, Sara Soto Martin, Lorenzo Viora, Nicholas N. Jonsson and Cord Drögemüller
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:23
  3. In human and murine obesity, adipose tissue dwelling macrophages and adipocytes produce monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) leading to systemic low-grade inflammation. The aim of the study was to valida...

    Authors: Kathrine Stenberg, Line Gensby, Signe Emilie Cremer, Michelle Møller Nielsen and Charlotte Reinhard Bjørnvad
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:22
  4. Hyperactive sperm motility is important for successful fertilization. In the present study, a proteome profiling approach was performed to identify the differences between Landrace boars with different levels ...

    Authors: Maren van Son, Dag Inge Våge, Morten Skaugen, Nina Hårdnes Tremoen, Ann Helen Gaustad, Teklu Tewoldebrhan Zeremichael, Frøydis Deinboll Myromslien and Eli Grindflek
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:21
  5. A common and to some degree painful procedure in veterinary practice is to insert an intra-venous catheter. In both human and veterinary medicine, a topical mixture of lidocaine and prilocaine (EMLA cream) has...

    Authors: Emma Hoeberg, Tonje Loken Kolstad, Liisa Martine Moller, Silje Kristine Rosvold, Maren Heggernes Softeland, Henning Andreas Haga and Andreas Lervik
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:20
  6. Digital dermatitis (DD) is a contagious bovine foot disease causing painful lesions, lameness, and reduced animal welfare. Previous studies indicate a complex aetiology of the disease. The aim of this study wa...

    Authors: Lina Ahlén, Ingrid Hunter Holmøy, Ane Nødtvedt, Åse Margrethe Sogstad and Terje Fjeldaas
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:19
  7. The computed tomography (CT) and ultrasonography (US) features of lymph nodes of the abdomen, pelvis, and hindlimb in healthy cats are poorly described in the current literature. A prospective anatomic and ref...

    Authors: Mauricio Tobón Restrepo, Rosa Novellas, Adrià Aguilar, Xavier Moll and Yvonne Espada
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:18
  8. Salmonella is one of the most common and economically important zoonotic pathogens. This study aimed to determine the occurrence of Salmonella serovars in sheep and goats and their probable zoonotic risk to human...

    Authors: Hanan Abd El-Halim Hawwas, Abdel-Karim Mahmoud Aboueisha, Hanaa Mohamed Fadel and Heba Sayed El-Mahallawy
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:17
  9. African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly lethal viral disease caused by the African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV), the only virus of the Asfaviridae family, which affects different species of wild and domestic suids, and...

    Authors: Vincenzo Gervasi, Andrea Marcon and Vittorio Guberti
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:16
  10. Mast cell density has been shown to have both enhancing and inhibiting effects on tumour progression and the ability to predict breast cancer behaviour in humans. However, prognostic results have been contradi...

    Authors: Simona Sakalauskaitė, Vita Riškevičienė, Jakov Šengaut and Nomeda Juodžiukynienė
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:14
  11. Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is a prion disease of cervids first reported in North America in the 1960s. In Europe, CWD was first diagnosed in 2016 in a wild reindeer in Norway. Detection of two more cases in...

    Authors: Erez Harpaz, Øyvind Salvesen, Geir Rune Rauset, Aqsa Mahmood, Linh Tran, Bjørnar Ytrehus, Sylvie Lafond Benestad, Michael Andreas Tranulis, Arild Espenes and Cecilie Ersdal
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:13
  12. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes severe economic losses worldwide and only four countries in Europe are free from PRRSV. Complete depopulation–repopulation is the safest and f...

    Authors: Attila Pertich, Zoltán Barna, Orsolya Makai, János Farkas, Tamás Molnár, Ádám Bálint, István Szabó and Mihály Albert
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:12
  13. Up-to-date and hospital-specific knowledge of prognoses for horses with various forms of colic is essential for helping to guide owners’ decisions on costly treatments, and for assessing the continuous develop...

    Authors: Emma Dybkjær, Kirstine Fleng Steffensen, Marie Louise Honoré, Mathias Ankjær Dinesen, Mogens Teken Christophersen and Tina Holberg Pihl
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:11
  14. Eimeria spp. are widespread apicomplexan parasites known to cause coccidiosis in livestock, resulting in reduced animal welfare and productivity, particularly in sheep. The treatment options are limited, and ther...

    Authors: Berit Marie Blomstrand, Heidi Larsen Enemark, Håvard Steinshamn, Inga Marie Aasen, Juni Rosann Engelien Johanssen, Spiridoula Athanasiadou, Stig Milan Thamsborg and Kristin Marie Sørheim
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:10
  15. On farm mortality is an increasing problem in cattle production systems in the Nordic countries. It represents an economic loss to the farmer and raises questions of sustainability, food waste and animal welfa...

    Authors: Gíslína Skúladóttir, Clare Joan Phythian, Ingrid Hunter Holmøy, Guro Myhrene, Karin Alvåsen and Adam Dunstan Martin
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:9
  16. The gut microbiota and its metabolic end-products act in close collaboration with the nutrient metabolism of the animal. A relationship between excess adiposity and alterations in gut microbiota composition ha...

    Authors: Josefin Söder, Sara Wernersson, Katja Höglund, Ragnvi Hagman, Sanna Lindåse and Johan Dicksved
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:8
  17. Ethylene glycol (EG) (antifreeze) toxicosis has mostly been reported in dogs and cats, while reports on EG toxicosis in cattle are sparse. We report EG toxicosis in 25 milk-fed calves associated with a leak in...

    Authors: Jørgen Steen Agerholm, Kirsten Søndergaard Hansen, Hanne Lerche Voogd and Anne Kirstine Havnsøe Krogh
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:7
  18. Ovine footrot and contagious ovine digital dermatitis (CODD) are contagious mixed bacterial infections with major impacts on animal health and production. In Sweden, ovine footrot and CODD were first detected ...

    Authors: Anna Rosander, Rebecka Albinsson, Ulrika König, Ann Nyman and Sara Frosth
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:6
  19. Haemonchus contortus is one of the most pathogenic gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants. The current diagnostic approach for the detection of this species relies on coproscopic methods, which both have l...

    Authors: Niclas Högberg, Paulius Baltrušis, Nizar Enweji and Johan Höglund
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:5
  20. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Enterobacterales (ESBL-E) are important causative agents for infections in humans and animals. At the Equine Veterinary Teaching Hospital of the University of Helsinki, the...

    Authors: Katariina Thomson, Katarina Eskola, Marjut Eklund, Kristiina Suominen, Merita Määttä, Jouni Junnila, Suvi Nykäsenoja, Kati Niinistö, Thomas Grönthal and Merja Rantala
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:4
  21. The consumption of raw or undercooked meat, especially pork, and offal containing infective tissue cysts is suspected to be a significant route of infection with Toxoplasma gondii. Although the use of “animal-fri...

    Authors: Martyna Puchalska, Jan Wiśniewski, Daniel Klich, Elżbieta Gołąb, Dawid Jańczak, Justyna Sokołowska, Kaja Urbańska and Krzysztof Anusz
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:3
  22. Neurological signs, such as head tilt, torticollis, paralysis, and seizures, are common in rabbits. Differential diagnoses include two zoonotic infections caused by the microsporidial fungi Encephalitozoon cunicu...

    Authors: Johanna Mäkitaipale, Emmi Järvenpää, Anne Bruce, Satu Sankari, Anna-Maija Virtala and Anu Näreaho
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:2
  23. Delphinids are top ocean predators and accumulate high concentrations of mercury (Hg) through the food chain, particularly in organs such as liver and kidney, although the proportion of methylmercury (MeHg) is...

    Authors: Masumi Marumoto, Mineshi Sakamoto, Masaaki Nakamura, Kohji Marumoto and Shozo Tsuruta
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2022 64:1
  24. Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a cause of severe thrombocytopenia in dogs. Immunosuppressive corticosteroid drugs are frequently used in the management of ITP, but treatment failure may occur. Immuno...

    Authors: Peter Spanner Kristiansen and Lise Nikolic Nielsen
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:54
  25. Luxation of the rib head with intrusion into the intervertebral foramen seems to be rare in cats. Only one report has been published describing a cat with non-ambulatory paraparesis, which was managed conserva...

    Authors: Jacek Cezary Sterna, Laura Rogowska, Beata Degórska, Jacek Sobczyński and Monika Łumińska
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:53
  26. Pasture management influences the prevalence and impact of the pasture parasites (PP) in cattle herds, which cause production-limiting disease worldwide. Evaluating farmer management strategies is vital when c...

    Authors: Tonje Opsal, Ingrid Toftaker, Ane Nødtvedt, Lucy Jane Robertson, Kristoffer Relling Tysnes, Ian Woolsey and Lisbeth Hektoen
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:52
  27. Greenland sled dogs (GSD) are a unique, genetically isolated population of dogs living under exceptional environmental conditions. Metabolism, and thereby thyroid hormones are affected by multiple factors. Amo...

    Authors: Bolette Winnerskjold Gjaldbæk, Emilie Ulrikka Andersen-Ranberg, Rikke Langebæk and Anne Kirstine Havnsøe Krogh
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:51
  28. Ketoconazole, an antifungal agent, adversely affects spermatogenesis in rodents, but knowledge on adverse effects of prolonged administration of ketoconazole on the fertility of male dogs is lacking. A case of...

    Authors: Anna Domosławska and Sławomir Zduńczyk
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:50
  29. Multimodal analgesia consists of the combination of analgesic drugs at low doses to act in different places along the path of pain. Studies with continuous infusion of analgesic drugs in cats are not common. T...

    Authors: Janaina Maria Xavier Corrêa, Raquel Vieira Niella, Jéssica Natália Silva de Oliveira, Alex Costa Silva Junior, Claire Souza da Costa Marques, Taísa Miranda Pinto, Elisângela Barboza da Silva, Suzane Lilian Beier, Fabiana Lessa Silva and Mário Sérgio Lima de Lavor
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:49
  30. Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders with known natural occurrence in humans and a few other mammalian species. The diseases are experimentally transmissible, and the agent is derived from the ...

    Authors: Michael Andreas Tranulis, Dolores Gavier-Widén, Jørn Våge, Maria Nöremark, Sirkka-Liisa Korpenfelt, Maria Hautaniemi, Laura Pirisinu, Romolo Nonno and Sylvie Lafond Benestad
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:48
  31. Small poultry flock ownership has become a popular hobby in Europe and North America in recent years but there is a general lack of information regarding bird health and welfare. This retrospective analysis of...

    Authors: Désirée Seger Jansson, Faruk Otman, Elisabeth Bagge, Ylva Lindgren, Pernille Engelsen Etterlin and Helena Eriksson
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:47
  32. Water treadmills are frequently used in the rehabilitation of dogs, for example with the purpose of re-building muscular strength after surgery. However, little is known about how different water depths and ve...

    Authors: Anne Désiré Vitger, Tanja Bruhn-Rasmussen, Eja Oppenlænder Pedersen, Lene Høeg Fuglsang-Damgaard and Adrian Paul Harrison
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:46
  33. Primary laryngeal neoplasms are rare in cats, with lymphoma and squamous cell carcinoma being the most commonly diagnosed tumour types. These tumours are usually highly aggressive, difficult to treat, and have...

    Authors: Filippo Torrigiani, Maria Elena Gelain, Laura Cavicchioli, Roberta Di Maggio, Tommaso Banzato and Federico Bonsembiante
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:45
  34. The physiology of sheep as small ruminants is remarkably different from monogastric animals especially regarding the forestomach system. Using sheep for surgical procedures during scientific research thereby p...

    Authors: Lucie M. Grimm, Esther Humann-Ziehank, Norman Zinne, Patrick Zardo and Martin Ganter
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:43
  35. Centrifugation is routinely employed in handling the ejaculates of some species, but it is not part of the commonly used protocols in ram. However, the development and implementation of new assisted reproducti...

    Authors: Marta Neila-Montero, Marta F. Riesco, Mercedes Alvarez, Rafael Montes-Garrido, Juan Carlos Boixo, Paulino de Paz, Luis Anel-Lopez and Luis Anel
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:42
  36. Despite decades of research, the early phases of metastatic development are still not fully understood. Canine osteosarcoma (OS) is a highly aggressive cancer, with a high metastatic rate (> 90%), despite a lo...

    Authors: Mikael Kerboeuf, Erling Olaf Koppang, Anita Haug Haaland, Frode Lingaas, Øyvind Sverre Bruland, Jon Teige and Lars Moe
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:41
  37. To prevent re-emergence of wildlife-mediated rabies in Finland, oral rabies vaccine baits are distributed every year during autumn in southern Finland in a vaccination zone bordering Russia. Recently, Finland ...

    Authors: Ad Vos, Tiina Nokireki, Marja Isomursu, Tuija Gadd and Ferenc Kovacs
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:40
  38. Caryospora bigenetica is an intracellular protozoan parasite, which in its primary hosts, typically snakes, is found it the intestine. Extraintestinal multiplication with the development of tissue cysts takes pla...

    Authors: Seppo Saari, Kirsti Schildt, Sanna Malkamäki, Ulla Andersin and Antti Sukura
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:39
  39. Type-4 abomasal ulcers (U4) are perforated ulcers causing diffuse peritonitis. This retrospective study describes the clinical, laboratory and ultrasonographic findings in 38 calves with U4. The medical record...

    Authors: Ueli Braun, Christina Widmer, Karl Nuss, Monika Hilbe and Christian Gerspach
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:38
  40. Mastectomy is the most common procedure for treatment of mammary tumours. Dogs undergoing mastectomy have a risk of developing surgical site infections (SSI) and other postoperative complications. However, pot...

    Authors: Philip Spåre, Ingrid Ljungvall, Karl Ljungvall and Annika Bergström
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:35
  41. Septic arthritis (SA) is a serious condition in dogs that requires a prompt diagnosis and treatment to minimize long-term joint pathology. Although bacterial detection in synovial fluid (SF) through culture or...

    Authors: Alexandra Vilén, Bo Nilson, Ann-Cathrine Petersson, Mariana Cigut, Christel Nielsen and Henriette Ström
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:34
  42. Health assessment of seals in captivity include haematology and serum biochemistry measurements. Because such parameters differ between species, it is crucial to have species-specific reference values for the ...

    Authors: Morten Tryland, Christian Lydersen, Kit Maureen Kovacs, Espen Rafter and Stein Istre Thoresen
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:33

    The Correction to this article has been published in Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:36

  43. Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is caused by the neurotropic tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV). In dogs, this virus may affect the central nervous system (CNS), causing meningoencephalitis, meningomyelitis, r...

    Authors: Yvonne Alnefelt, Sofie Van Meervenne, Katarina Varjonen, Anna Tidholm and Cecilia Rohdin
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:32
  44. Intervertebral disc extrusions in the thoracolumbar region are a common spinal neurologic disorder in dogs and usually considered a neurological emergency. Several factors, like timing of surgery, have previou...

    Authors: Almut Immekeppel, Stefan Rupp, Stanislas Demierre, Kai Rentmeister, Andrea Meyer-Lindenberg, Julia Goessmann, Monty Siddartha Bali, Fenella Schmidli-Davies and Franck Forterre
    Citation: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2021 63:30

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